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Subscribe to this list via RSS Blog posts tagged in Applied Behavior Analysis

Pleasing the Picky Eater

Posted by on in Parent Tips

Picky eating is a prevalent problem for children with developmental disorders (DDs) (Silbaugh et al., 2016). The lack of nutrients and energy resulting from a picky diet can add additional complexities to their life and treatment. The "picky" variable takes many forms. The color, brand, texture, or taste may contribute to a child's selection of food (i.e., a child will only eat foods of a specific color or of a specific brand). Others will eat a variety of foods but will only consume small amounts of food or drinks.

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Ready, Set, Potty Time!

Posted by on in Parent Tips
Toilet training is considered a pivotal skill for young children to master. Toilet training based on positive reinforcement can be an enjoyable experience for children with autism. This milestone allows individuals to participate in community activities and decreases a number of negative consequences that may occur (i.e. diminished personal hygiene, stigmatism, physical discomfort) (Cicero, et.al, 2002). Thus, it is an important skill to teach.
©2018 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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Problems with sleep are commonly experienced by individuals who have autism and other developmental disabilities. The majority of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have at least one sleep problem (Park et al., 2012).
©2018 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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Social deficits and impairments are a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), (Dogan, King, Fischetti, Lake, Mathews, and Warzak, 2017; and Thompson, 2015). With these deficits acquisition of social skills can be a prolonged process. It can also cause worry for families and caretakers that their loved one may not be able to develop personal relationships in the future. Some examples of social difficulty are initiating interactions, responding to initiation, maintaining eye contact, sharing common hobbies and enjoyment, reading nonverbal cues, taking perspective, understanding and using speech prosody and non-literal language (White, Keonig, and Scahill, 2006). This can seem like a daunting list, but there are empirically validated interventions that have yielded positive results in increasing social skills (Peters and Thompson, 2015; Dogan et. al, 2017).

©2017 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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ABA Treatment: One for All and All for One

Posted by on in Behavior Analysis
The experience of starting ABA treatment with all it entails brings a world of new opportunities both for the family seeking treatment as well as the BCBA providing services. A new patient brings the BCBA the opportunity to build rapport with the patient as well as their family, the excitement of having the opportunity to learn what makes that individual tick and the potential to experience the gratification of all the small successes that will lead the patient to increased independence and growth.
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Basic Steps for Mand Training

Posted by on in Behavior Analysis
The number of children diagnosed with some type of childhood disorder is in the millions. Along with other delays, communication is an area that has a significant impact on children with autism. Because of these deficits some children fail to acquire age appropriate speech skills, some are unable to speak at all and others can manage a few words or develop a 'jargon' of their own that cannot be understood by people around them aside from their immediate family.
©2017 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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Aggression is a common occurrence in households of children with disabilities. This can be overwhelming for most parents. The purpose of this post is to identify variables that affect aggression, along with basic preventative and response strategies. While these are strategies commonly used in various settings, a descriptive assessment or functional analysis should be conducted by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) to identify the function of aggression. After identifying the function, the BCBA can then assist in identifying individualized antecedent and response strategies, accompanied with functional replacement behaviors to decrease aggression and improve functional skills.

©2017 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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Transition Time: How to minimize meltdowns

Posted by on in Autism
It is no secret that individuals with autism generally prefer to have a routine. It provides a sense of comfort and control because they know what comes next. Whether it is a transition from day treatment to school or introducing a new activity, a change in routine or transition to a different activity or place can be challenging, but thank goodness there are ways to make things go more smoothly and minimize meltdowns.
©2013 Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
Recent Comments - Show all comments
  • herman
    herman says #
    very good information, and also love of parents and teachers can help children's development.
  • Info Kesehatan
    Info Kesehatan says #
    Each case has its own problems and difficulties, as well as with children with autism. With patience and determination, we can cer
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Echoic Behavior

Posted by on in Autism

According to Skinner, an echoic occurs when a verbal response has point-to-point correspondence to its preceding verbal stimulus. It is echoing what is heard or verbal imitation.

©Copyright 2013 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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A large amount of children with developmental delays are reported to have difficulties with eating. However, these difficulties are hardly limited to children on the spectrum. According to a recent child and infant nutrition study, the vegetable of choice for most toddlers is a potato, specifically in the form of a French fry.

©Copyright 2013 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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What is Autism Day Treatment?

Posted by on in Autism

I think it's safe to say that every parent wants what is best for their child especially when it comes to obtaining necessary treatment for a special needs child. Children of all ages can benefit greatly from the structured learning environment that day treatment provides.

©Copyright 2013 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
Recent Comments - Show all comments
  • Yolanda Haro
    Yolanda Haro says #
    I met Audrey at the last social play date and she was very pleasant. Her patience and demeanor shows that she truly has a passion
  • Michael Maloney
    Michael Maloney says #
    Audrey, Great article. Helpful to parents starting on their journey to help a child with ASD.
  • Audrey Borges
    Audrey Borges says #
    Thank you very much, Michael. I appreciate your feedback, and I'm glad my post is helpful.
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Why Verbal Behavior?

Posted by on in Behavior Disorders

Theories of language that attempt to identify the causes of language include the following three perspectives: (1) biological, (2) cognitive, and (3) environmental.

© Copyright 2013 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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Is my child ready for school?

Posted by on in Parent Tips

No...... well not yet. As parents we all want our children in school in a mainstream class learning alongside their peers. While this is the ultimate goal there are many steps that are necessary to reach this goal.

© Copyright 2013 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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  • Leigh Ann Wheat, BCBA
    Leigh Ann Wheat, BCBA says #
    A successful transition to a traditional educational environment from intensive ABA treatment is not a stroke of luck but takes an
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Behavior Analysis and Data

Posted by on in Behavior Analysis

Behavior analysis is a scientific approach to studying and changing behavior. Data collection is the foundation of science.

© Copyright 2013 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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The Impact of Social Skills on Everyday Life

Posted by on in Autism

Social skills are an essential part of life even beyond the obvious implication that with good social skills a person can form meaningful relationships.

© Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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Hello and Happy New Year, friends! Let's make 2013 rock! This year my resolution is to continue educating myself and you about anything and everything autism and special needs related so be sure and look for my blog post every week.

© Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
Recent Comments - Show all comments
  • Audrey Borges
    Audrey Borges says #
    Hi Kristina! You can absolutely email me: audrey@shapeofbehavior.com.
  • Kristina
    Kristina says #
    I am a senior in high school and I am interested in a job as an ABA. Is there any way that I could email you and ask some question
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It's the time of year when everyone and their grandma packs the airports and hits the road on their journey to be with family for the holidays.

©Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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What is Verbal Behavior?

Posted by on in Behavior Analysis

Verbal Behavior (VB) is one of the many branches under the family of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). Just like ABA, VB is also derived from the philosophy of behaviorism, utilizes the basic scientific methodology for research, and is concerned with the improvement of an individual's educationally and socially significant behaviors.

©Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
Recent Comments - Show all comments
  • Kellie Primus
    Kellie Primus says #
    Hello, I have an 8 year old with severe learning disabilities, especially language. Verbal behavioral therapy has been recommended
  • Stasia Fritz
    Stasia Fritz says #
    Dr. Lee, Thank you for the straight-forward information in your post! What a great source for educators and parents. Can you now l
  • Audrey Borges
    Audrey Borges says #
    I enjoyed your post, Dr. Lee. It's a fascinating look at verbal behavior.
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Is Autism in the Air?

Posted by on in Autism

Hello again! Thanksgiving is out and Christmas and the holiday season are in the air, but do you know what else may be "in the air?" Autism.

©Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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Early Signs of Autism

Posted by on in Autism

A very general sign of autism is that individuals are often unresponsive and withdrawn or "in their own world." Some characteristics of autism are easily recognized in older kids who frequently cover their ears or flap their hands.

©Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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