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Subscribe to this list via RSS Blog posts tagged in Reinforcement

Ready, Set, Potty Time!

Posted by on in Parent Tips
Toilet training is considered a pivotal skill for young children to master. Toilet training based on positive reinforcement can be an enjoyable experience for children with autism. This milestone allows individuals to participate in community activities and decreases a number of negative consequences that may occur (i.e. diminished personal hygiene, stigmatism, physical discomfort) (Cicero,, 2002). Thus, it is an important skill to teach.
©2018 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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Autism awareness has dramatically increased over the past few decades. This rise in autism awareness and subsequently, research, has increased the availability of evidence-based treatment for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, treatment is limited for adults with ASD (Gerhardt & Lainer, 2011; Milley & Machalicek, 2012). The lack of services for adults contributes to some of the challenges they face such as unemployment, reliance on caregivers, and limited social relationships (Howlin, Goode, Hutton, & Rutter, 2004). These challenges can significantly reduce the quality of life adults with ASD experience.

©2017 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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Social deficits and impairments are a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), (Dogan, King, Fischetti, Lake, Mathews, and Warzak, 2017; and Thompson, 2015). With these deficits acquisition of social skills can be a prolonged process. It can also cause worry for families and caretakers that their loved one may not be able to develop personal relationships in the future. Some examples of social difficulty are initiating interactions, responding to initiation, maintaining eye contact, sharing common hobbies and enjoyment, reading nonverbal cues, taking perspective, understanding and using speech prosody and non-literal language (White, Keonig, and Scahill, 2006). This can seem like a daunting list, but there are empirically validated interventions that have yielded positive results in increasing social skills (Peters and Thompson, 2015; Dogan et. al, 2017).

©2017 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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Basic Steps for Mand Training

Posted by on in Behavior Analysis
The number of children diagnosed with some type of childhood disorder is in the millions. Along with other delays, communication is an area that has a significant impact on children with autism. Because of these deficits some children fail to acquire age appropriate speech skills, some are unable to speak at all and others can manage a few words or develop a 'jargon' of their own that cannot be understood by people around them aside from their immediate family.
©2017 The Shape of Behavior. All Rights Reserved.
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What is Autism Day Treatment?

Posted by on in Autism

I think it's safe to say that every parent wants what is best for their child especially when it comes to obtaining necessary treatment for a special needs child. Children of all ages can benefit greatly from the structured learning environment that day treatment provides.

©Copyright 2013 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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  • Yolanda Haro
    Yolanda Haro says #
    I met Audrey at the last social play date and she was very pleasant. Her patience and demeanor shows that she truly has a passion
  • Michael Maloney
    Michael Maloney says #
    Audrey, Great article. Helpful to parents starting on their journey to help a child with ASD.
  • Audrey Borges
    Audrey Borges says #
    Thank you very much, Michael. I appreciate your feedback, and I'm glad my post is helpful.
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What is an Autism Aide, or Shadow?

Posted by on in Autism

When a child with autism or any other special needs has acquired, to some degree, a certain set of skills in the areas of socialization and play, language, attending, group academic skills and maintains appropriate behaviors, this is a good time to start thinking about shadowing.

©Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
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  • helena
    helena says #
    Hi carlos, i liked reading your post, it was very informative and concise! I am currently working with children diagnosed with aut
  • williams Don E.
    williams Don E. says #
    Carlos, I enjoyed your blog. Nice job/
  • Audrey
    Audrey says #
    Carlos, thank you for a great post on shadowing! I enjoyed it!
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What is ABA?

Posted by on in Behavior Analysis

Do you like to reward yourself? I know I do. A hot, foamy latte sounds good right now, but first, I have to tell you about ABA. Perhaps I can enjoy one afterward because it would be very reinforcing to me.

©Copyright 2012 by The Shape of Behavior | All Rights Reserved
Recent Comments - Show all comments
  • Vancouver psychologist
    Vancouver psychologist says #
    First of all thanks Audrey for sharing with us such valuable information.You write so well keep it up.
  • Audrey Borges
    Audrey Borges says #
    Thank you for all the support! I look forward to writing more.
  • Don Williams
    Don Williams says #
    Audrey does a great job and a real service in writing her blog. She hits the nail on the head.
  • Dr. Dom
    Dr. Dom says #
    I always bring parents and staff back to the basic building blocks of the ABC's of ABA! If they truly grasp the power of being abl
  • Amy Veenendaal
    Amy Veenendaal says #
    Audrey, I love the personality and information you brought to this entry! Great work! I look forward to reading more of your posts
  • Diana Melgar
    Diana Melgar says #
    Great Job Audrey!! Very informative! Keep it up
  • Jack Cravy
    Jack Cravy says #
    She's doing a fantastic job! Go Audrey!
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