Down syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome that duplicates genetic material. The most common birth defect, Down syndrome strikes 1 in 800 children. More than a third experience cardiac abnormalities, most have limited cognitive abilities and all exhibit distinctive facial characteristics, such as a round face, small chin and almond-shaped eyelids. Poor muscle tone, persistent ear infections, reflux disease, obesity, sleep apnea and thyroid disorders are also common.
Down Syndrome Treatment
More than half of individuals or children with Down syndrome also encounter mental health and behavioral issues including aggression and tantrums. The Shape of Behavior creates individual patient plans since the effects and severity vary widely. Self-care and physical therapy activities center on empowering children to take control over their environment so they can lead productive lives.